Sports massage is the specific application of massage techniques, hydrotherapy protocols, range of motion/flexibility protocol and strength-training principles utilized to achieve a specific goal when treating an athlete.
3 Keys to effective sports massage
#1 The timing of refers of when the massage is given: pre-event or post-event; during recovery; during a maintenance period; or when an athlete suffers an injury that requires rehabilitation.
#2 Technique refers to what application you utilize, and can include a number of different techniques: effleurage; friction; pettrissage; vibration; shaking; compression; broadening strokes; direct pressure; cross-fiber friction; range of motion; and stretching.
#3 The reason(s) for treatment: will the therapy be for a warm-up; an increase blood flow; to stimulate neurological pathways; an aid in recovery from exertion; increasing flexibility; improve strength; or improve posture.